China's Type 055 destroyer as good as US Zumwalt-class destroyer?

中国055型驱逐舰堪比美科幻战舰?

Source
China Military
Editor
Zhang Tao
Time
2017-02-24

近日,美国媒体刊发文章称,中国正在开发研制的一种新型导弹巡洋舰055型,堪比美国具有科幻外形的朱姆沃尔特级隐身导弹驱逐舰。此言一出,立即引发各方关注。

BEIJING, Feb. 24 (ChinaMil) -- An American media recently published an article saying that the new Type 055 guided-missile cruiser China is developing now is as good as America's Zumwalt-class stealth guided-missile destroyer with sci-fi appearance. This comment drew attention from various sides immediately.

公开资料显示,055型驱逐舰是中国海军正在发展的新一代万吨级大型驱逐舰,具有较大的排水量、较快的航速、较高的续航力、较长的自持力和很好的全球适航性。

Public information shows that Type 055 destroyer is a new-generation 10,000-ton-class destroyer currently being developed by the PLA Navy, which features large displacement, high speed, great cruising ability, long endurance and sound global seaworthiness.

针对这个话题,军事专家李杰接受了科技日报记者的专访。他表示,综合各方面信息来看,055型导弹驱逐舰综合性能优异,代表了当前我军水面舰艇的最高水平。

Li Jie, researcher with the PLA Naval Military Academic Research Institute, expressed that information from various sides shows that the Type 055 guided-missile destroyer boasts outstanding overall performance and represents the highest level of Chinese surface vessels today.

然而,朱姆沃尔特级驱逐舰与055型不太好比较,因为朱姆沃尔特级主要是担负对其他目标和设施进行大火力打击的任务,而055型有着多种作战功能,还担负着为航母编队保驾护航的任务,两者从作战功能定位上看就不一样,很难比较孰优孰劣。

However, Li said, it's hard to compare the Zumwalt-class destroyer with Type 055 because they have different combat functions: the former is responsible for major fire strike against targets and facilities, while Type 055 undertakes multiple combat functions and is also responsible for escorting aircraft carrier battle group.

有媒体认为,055大型驱逐舰的研制,是中国海军极具里程碑性质的事件,其意义甚至超过001A型航母的研制。

Some media reported that the development of Type 055 destroyer is a milestone for the PLA Navy. It is even more significant than the development of Type 001A aircraft carrier.

李杰介绍,首先,055型驱逐舰的满载排水量达到1.3万吨,如果服役的话将是我国目前吨位最大的驱逐舰。

According to Li Jie, Type 055 destroyer has a full load displacement of 13,000 tons and will be China's largest destroyer if commissioned.

其次,055型驱逐舰的隐身性能非常突出,采用各种隐身设计,综合隐身手段应用全面。其舰体采用了隐身设计,整体雷达反射截面积很小,同时红外辐射低,电磁辐射量小,噪声水平低。

Second, it has outstanding stealth performance thanks to various stealth designs and comprehensive stealth means. Its body also adopts stealth design, and the radar has a very small cross section with low infrared radiation, small electromagnetic radiation and low noise.

第三,其搭载武器较多,可同时搭载100多枚各种类型的垂直发射导弹,包括反舰导弹、防空导弹、反潜导弹,甚至包括对陆攻击的远程巡航导弹,可攻击一两千公里以外的目标,对陆打击能力大幅度增强。

Third, it is equipped with a number of weapons. Being able to carry more than 100 vertical launching missiles of various types at the same time, including anti-ship missile, air-defense missile, anti-submarine missile and even long-range ground-attack cruising missile, Type 055 destroyer can attack targets 1,000-2,000km away, indicating a massive enhancement of ground attack capability.

同时,其装载了单管130mm舰炮,近程对陆打击和对其他目标的打击能力也比较强。此外,055型还有一定的反导能力。

Meanwhile, the 130mm single-barrel shipboard main-gun is strong at short-range ground attack and at attacking other targets as well. Type 055 also has anti-missile capability.

第四,它采用双波段雷达,拥有s波段有源相控阵雷达系统和x波段小型相控阵雷达系统,对中程和近程目标的探测能力也很强。

Fourth, it adopts double-band radar and has S-band active phased array radar (APAR) system and X-band small phased array radar system, which result in a strong capability of detecting medium-range and short-range targets.

最后,其自身捕捉信息的能力和整体信息处理能力都非常强,可以把包括太空、空中、水面和水下的各种层级的信息高度融合。

At last, Type 055 is very good at capturing and processing information and can integrate various information receiving from the space, air, water surface and underwater.

目前,我国海军已经确定航空母舰编队作为水面舰艇发展的主轴,因此未来我国海军新型舰艇均需要围绕航母编队的要求而发展,055型驱逐舰在设计建造上也是如此。

The PLA Navy has decided that aircraft carrier battle group will be the main direction of surface vessel development, so new vessels will all be developed based on the needs of the battle group, including the design and construction of Type 055 destroyer.

李杰透露:“055型导弹驱逐舰携带的防空导弹包括中远程和中近程两种,整体防空能力大幅增强,同时具有很强的反潜能力。它对航母编队的保护能力,将不是现役的052D驱逐舰所能比较的。”

"Type 055 guided-missile destroyer carries medium-long-range and medium-short range air-defense missiles, which can significantly improve its overall air defense capability. It also has a strong anti-submarine capability, so it is much more able to protect aircraft carrier battle group than the Type-052D destroyer currently in service", Li Jie said.

“当然,除了担当航母编队的‘带刀护卫’之外,055型导弹驱逐舰也可以领衔挂帅,组成独立的多用途的海上作战编队,执行多种任务,包括防空、反潜、反舰等。”他说。

"In addition to escorting aircraft carrier battle group, Type 055 destroyer is also able to head up an independent multi-purpose marine combat taskforce and carry out air-defense, anti-submarine and anti-ship missions," he added.

记者注意到,这已经不是西方媒体第一次将中国055型导弹驱逐舰称为巡洋舰了。

The reporter noticed that this wasn't the first time that western media call China's Type 055 guided-missile destroyer a cruiser.

对此,他认为,单从吨位来讲,055型导弹驱逐舰的吨位已经达到甚至超过很多现役巡洋舰的吨位,如美国提康德罗加级巡洋舰满载排水量还不到1万吨。实际上,目前驱逐舰和巡洋舰的区别已经不大,绝大多数国家已经不再发展巡洋舰。

Regarding this, Li Jie replied that in terms of tonnage alone, Type 055 is larger than many serving cruisers. America's Ticonderoga-class cruiser, for instance, has a full load displacement of less than 10,000 tons. As a matter of fact, destroyer and cruiser aren't that different today, and most countries don't even develop cruiser anymore.

未来,驱逐舰的吨位会越来越大,功能会越来越强,特别是会突出某一方面功能,成为以某一方面为主,其他方面兼顾的驱逐舰。而巡洋舰功能比较单一,在执行任务时将不如驱逐舰得心应手。

Going forward, destroyers will have ever larger tonnage and stronger functions with particular strength in a specific aspect, whereas cruiser has limited functions and is not as flexible as destroyer when carrying out missions.

“西方国家将我国055型驱逐舰称为巡洋舰,某种程度上是戴着有色眼镜审视中国军事发展,夸大了我国装备的功能和作用,是中国威胁论的一种表现形式。”李杰表示。

"The fact that western countries call China's Type 055 destroyer a cruiser indicates that they are looking at China's military development with colored glasses and magnifying the function and role of China's equipment. It's a manifestation of the China Threat theory," Li Jie added.

Disclaimer: The information, ideas or opinions appearing in this article are those of the author from the Science and Technology Daily and do not reflect the views of eng.chinamil.com.cn. Chinamil.com.cn does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same. If the article carries photographs or images, we do not vouch for their authenticity.

 

Related News

Continue...